11 Nov

Food Poisoning And ways to prevent it.

Every year, an estimated 1 in 6 Americans (or 48 million people) get sick, 128,000 are hospitalized, and 3,000 die from foodborne diseases.

4 Steps to Prevent Food Poisoning

  • Clean external 
    • Wash your hands and work surfaces before, during, and after preparing food. Germs can survive in many places around your kitchen, including your hands, utensils, cutting boards, and countertops.
  • Separate external
    • Separate raw meat, poultry, seafood, and eggs from ready-to-eat foods. Use separate cutting boards and keep raw meat away from other foods in your shopping cart and refrigerator.
  • Cook external
  • Chill external
    • Keep your refrigerator 40°F or below. Refrigerate leftovers within 2 hours of cooking (or within 1 hour if food is exposed to a temperature above 90°F, like in a hot car).

Some People Are at Higher Risk

Anyone can get food poisoning, but some groups of people are more likely to get sick and have a more serious illness. Their ability to fight germs and sickness may not be as effective. These groups include:

  • Adults aged 65 and older
  • Children younger than age 5
  • People whose immune systems are weakened by health conditions or medicine used to treat them, including people with diabetes, liver or kidney disease, HIV/AIDS, or cancer
  • Pregnant people

Learn more about why these groups are more likely to get sick from germs like SalmonellaCampylobacterListeria, and E. coli.

People who are more likely to get food poisoning should not eat:

  • Undercooked or raw food from animals (such as beef, pork, chicken, turkey, eggs, or seafood)
  • Raw or lightly cooked sprouts
  • Unpasteurized (raw) milk and juices
  • Soft cheese, unless it is labeled as made with pasteurized milk

5 Symptoms of Severe Food Poisoning

Symptoms of food poisoning often include diarrhea, vomiting, upset stomach, or nausea.

Call your healthcare provider if you have severe symptoms such as:

  1. Diarrhea and a fever higher than 102°F
  2. Diarrhea for more than three days that is not improving
  3. Bloody diarrhea
  4. So much vomiting that you cannot keep liquids down, which can lead to dehydration
  5. Dehydration, which causes symptoms such as dry mouth and throat, feeling dizzy when standing up, and not urinating (peeing) much.

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